The newborn | Medical Library Online

The newborn

Other additives
Other additives

Heparin increases the clearance of lipid from the circulation; there is a belief, not backed up by any evidence, that addition of 1 IU/ml to parenteral.

Carbohydrate
Carbohydrate

Term newborns have a significantly higher glucose requirement than older children, and preterm infants have the highest needs of all. It is usual to start.

Fat
Fat

The absence of an intravenous lipid emulsion in early parenteral nutrition regimens led to a syndrome of essential fatty acid deficiency with inadequate.

Nutritional supplements
Nutritional supplements

Protein and energyThere is no need to routinely supplement fortified breast milk or preterm formula. Occasionally an energy supplement (glucose polymers.

Feeding in practice
Feeding in practice

No-one is in a better position to make individual decisions about feeding than the experienced neonatal nurse caring for an infant. Feeding policy and.

Trophic feeding
Trophic feeding

TF is also known as minimal enteral feeding, hypocaloric feeding and gut priming. It is an important advance in the use of enteral feeding, entailing the.

Heat balance
Heat balance

Heat is produced as a by-product of cell metabolism. The basal metabolic rate is the lowest obligatory rate of heat production which occurs when an individual.

Hyperkalemia
Hyperkalemia

Plasma potassium concentrations above the 'normal’ range occur in 3.5% of infants under 1500 g, particularly sicker infants less than 28 weeks.258,262.

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